Regulatory News

A phenomenon known as Colony Collapse Disorder (CCD) has been decimating bees in the United States and Europe since 2006. Without apparent reason, the bees abandon their hives forever. And no one knows what happens to them. What has been proven is that the phenomenon directly affects not only honey production but also food crops pollinated by bees.

Among the possible causes, the activity of the mite Varroa Destructor; the low genetic diversity of domesticated and commercial honey bees - raised for the production of honey and the pollination of crops, the large one being affected by DCC; and the effect of pesticides are being studied. In fact, starting on December 1st it will be forbidden to market and use three neonicotinoid pesticides: clothianidin, thiamethoxam and imidaclopidre - in the European Union.

In an article published on the website of the Brazilian Agricultural Research Corporation (EMBRAPA), researcher Fábia de Mello Pereira explains that, "according to the Ministry of Agriculture, Livestock and Supply, the agency officially responsible for informing the occurrence of animal and plant health problems in Brazil, up till now, Colony Collapse Disorder has not been detected in the country."

However, debate about the use of neonicotinoid pesticides is in progress in Brazil. Between 2010 and 2012, the Brazilian Institute of Environment and Renewable Natural Resources (IBAMA) has identified more than a hundred cases of mass bee deaths in the country. All these cases were related to these pesticides, which were banned by a decree published in the Official Gazette in July of last year, but then were released for use again.

The effect of pesticides on bee colonies are being studied by IBAMA:

One study can be seen here.

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